Chapter 3 Course Companion Study/Action Guide

Pg. 90:

A. Take a book you’ve read recently (could even be a text for one of your classes) and answer the 4 questions on this page.

a. Out of all the possible topics or ideas regarding knowledge, what have the authors selected to give you?

I recently read this book called Teardrop and it was kind of this fantasy but also love story that was based around the legend of Atlantis.

b. Out of those topics and ideas treated, what have they emphasized, and how?

They emphasized this fantasy aspect because the main character had to overcome all of these weird occurrences.

c. What kind of language have they used, and what emotions or values do you identify in the word choice? What images accompany the text, and how are they selected and used?

The book was written in first person and also had parts of the girl reading this old book that was like a journal. There were no images except for the front cover which was the girl wearing a dress but it was like the dress was made out of a water spout sort of thing.

d. What is the context in which the book was written – by whom, for what purpose…?

This book was kind of a teenage book to keep people entertained and also to have the readers figure out different things along with the main character.

As you post to your blog, try to

___add specific words from the book to support your answer for #3, and perhaps at least

___1 example of a photograph, diagram, or drawing (you can even take a photo with your phone to post as evidence)


What are your thoughts about the sanctity of books and how did you arrive to your decision?

Books are very important because they contain knowledge and documentation of experiences we can learn from. The Buddhist girl valued education and even said it is unacceptable to step on or over a book. Books give us much more knowledge and reading a good book can be like a movie in our heads. I love reading because of this and I believe that books are vital to our world.

Do books really “hold learning”?

Books hold learning to a certain extent. A person can read all of the books in the world and can be knowledgable about whatever they read about, but it is not the same as actually living it. People can learn so much from reading a book. They can learn about the material talked about in the book, but they can also learn new vocabulary and grammar which are important to the human language. Reading not only teaches us the subject of the book but it also teaches us how to form proper sentences and speak. Books can teach us so many things but there is a difference between reading about something and living it. Sometimes, people can learn so much more about things if they actually see it and experience it with their sense perception. Recently I had watched this episode of The Middle where the youngest kid is always reading books even when he went out into nature. Finally the parents got him to put the books down and actually experience the real life beauty. This scenario depicts how books can only hold so much learning.

How would you rate where you get knowledge – media (various), books, teachers, family, friends, celebrities, etc.? (draw a continuum or explain)

I get my knowledge from all types of different places based on what I want to find out more about. If I want to learn about something in popular culture or something that is going on with celebrities I find it through the media. In media, I can also discover more about various tragedies in the world as well. Also, I can research things for school by mostly using media. I also learn a lot from teachers because I have to go to school every day and listen to teachers talk during the 90 minute periods. When teachers talk I do learn about a lot of things. If I want to learn about what is going on with my family members and their daily lives, then I get that from my family. If I want to hear about people’s days or gossip or whatever new is going on with people in my age range, I get that knowledge from my friends. Sometimes I also get new about popular culture from them if I have not already gotten it from the media. I think I get a majority of my knowledge from media, then teachers, then friends and family.

Pg. 92-3: Types of Knowledge


Check out Mohammed Youssef’s explanation of the 5 Stages of Knowledge / Wisdom in Arabic. Provide a real life example of each, as it applies to your life.

These 5 stages of knowledge are like: 

1. Hearing about some sort of catastrophe on the news like all of those uprisings and stuff with Egypt.

2. Going online to research the details of what really happened.

3 & 4. Continuing to research in depth about it.

5. Doing something about this problem.


Make your own list of an experiential knowledge (“knowing through direct experience”) you have, a procedural knowledge (skills; “knowing how”), and a knowledge claim (“knowing that”- tied to language)

I know that my iPhone 5s rejects my fingerprint often

I know that when I rub my hands together it makes them warm

I know how to tie my shoelaces

What type is the easiest to learn? What type tends to stick the longest?

The type of knowledge that will stick the longest is stuff that you actually do over and over again, not something you are just told. It does not take much effort to just learn something by hearing about it, but it takes more time and effort to actually physically do something.


_____READ THIS ARTICLE outlining the different theories of learning and how Twitter could be used for each.

Which theory do you think best applies to our IB program? Which theory do you find most helpful as a style of learning?

I think that Constructivism best applies to the IB program because it talks about the world we live in. The IB applies to that because it is supposed to help us be ready for that real world. For me, I think Pragmatism and Behaviorism would be most helping to learning. It is good to do activities in class to learn things and also experiencing different behaviors.

H. The 3 kinds of knowledge are stored differently in the brain. Remember how Mr. Clive Wearing could still play the piano?

Find out the differences between each of the types of memory. Then Curate something on one of the following types of memory OR draw an illustration symbolizing one or the differences between them (you can take a photo if you do a hand-drawing and post to blog):

  • procedural memory
  • working memory
  • long-term memory
  • declarative memory
  • episodic memory

Procedural memory: how to perform tasks

Working memory: short term attention

Long-term memory: the continuing storage on information

Declarative memory: conscious memories

Episodic memory: long-term memory for specific events


“A Physicist’s Guide to the existence of Santa Claus“

What is the difference between being sincere and being right? What is the difference between making a false statement and lying?

Being sincere is truly believing and truly hoping for the best for someone. Being right is merely knowing the correct answer to some sort of question or comment. A false statement is just saying something that happens to be incorrect with innocent intentions. Lying is feeding something information that is untrue and that the person lying knows it is untrue.

M. Pg. 108-9: Justification Types

After reading about reliable sources (experts and general consensus), memories, emotions, intuition, faith, and revelation, describe what role these might play in the Areas of Knowledge (your subjects)…for example, how might emotion affect and artist or intuition affect a scientist?

Here’s an awesome TED TALK which discusses the intuitiveness of the arts and sciences.

Emotion affects artists in a positive way because they can harness those emotions by putting it in their art in one form or another. Emotion really can help artists create an interesting and meaning piece of art. Intuition can negatively affect scientists because if they really think an experiment is going to turn out some certain way, they can manipulate their data to support their hypothesis.

N. Pg. 110-111: Intensity of Belief

_____Draw or diagram something that represents the relationship between belief, truth, knowledge, and justification.


O. Pg. 114: Do I Believe?

_____After reading about the 3 “s’s”: SOURCE, STATEMENTS, and SELF, choose something you’ve learned recently and evaluate it based on these, using specific examples.

I went to the orthodontist yesterday and learned that I am getting my braces off next month and that my surgeries on my mouth will take place soon after that.


The orthodontist told me. This is credible because he is a professional in this area and my mom and the orthodontist assistants were witnesses.


The values are good because the orthodontist does want me to get my braces off. The evidence is that I have had my braces on for over 2 years and they have only been on now because of the surgeries. These are things that have to be done in order for my teeth to be good.


I do believe that my braces will be coming off next month, but I am not getting excited about it. There is still so much more to do. Part of me is excited but part of me does not care anymore because based on past experiences with a variety of things, I don’t want to get my hopes up just to get so extremely disappointed.